Activities under this programme are geared towards increasing access to preventive and curative services to AIDS orphans, other vulnerable children and their families /households.

a) Preventive and Curative services
Activities under this theme are geared towards increasing accessibility for universal HIV and AIDS prevention to AIDS orphans and their families within communities where they live. These include:-

Prevention of sexual transmission of HIV
- Training school peer educators and carrying out interschool debates on abstinence and life skills education
- Training of couple counselors
- Be faithful programmes among married and cohabiting couples
- Condom education and distribution to most at risk populations and discordant couples


Promote Universal access to HIV counseling and Testing
- Carrying out static and outreach HIV counseling and testing.
- Carrying out home care support and referrals to PLHA's
- Carrying out drama shows on counseling and testing while promoting confidentiality and consent.
- IEC material development encouraging couple testing


Provide psychosocial support to PHA's and ensure access to basic social needs for PLHA's.
- Carrying out on going counseling and testing to PLHA's.
- Supporting PLHA children with school fees and other scholastic materials
- Distribution of long lasting mosquito nets to people affected and infected with AIDS
- Gender based violence prevention and anti stigma campaigns to reduce discrimination based on ones sero status.

Accessibility of health services by orphans and other vulnerable children, young people and caregivers is done through static and health education out reach services, child days and youth clubs. Pregnant mothers and children under five years are also provided with treated insecticide mosquito nets to protect them from malaria.

HIV and AIDS is enhanced through training of model couple counsellors, family dialogue meetings, drama, posters, interschool debates, facilitating VCT outreaches, training of school peer educators and through use of various IEC materials. Child Aid Uganda recently completed implementation of Rakai and Lyantonde HIV prevention partnership projects funded by Civil Society Fund - Uganda AIDS Commission under RACOBAO and RAIN as lead partners. More information about the results of these projects can be found in the achievements section.

Child Aid Uganda intends to establish a community clinic that will provide medical care to children, work with the established child and youth clubs to provide peer-to-peer counseling and referral services for HIV/AIDS care, treatment of opportunistic infections, Sexually Transmitted Infections. Common diseases that will be treated include malaria, respiratory tract infections, and diarrhea and skin diseases. Families of the orphaned children will also be targeted for antiretroviral therapy (ART). Also HIV testing and counseling services will also be provided on an outreach basis to clients.

b) Housing water and sanitation improvement
Activities under this component are geared towards increasing access to improved domestic hygiene clean water and sanitation through construction of houses, latrines, water tanks and kitchens to orphans and other vulnerable children in the area of operation. Under this programme area, existing houses are renovated while new ones are also constructed to the homeless Orphans and other vulnerable children and their families. Further more, families are also provided with beddings, clothing and household utensils such as plates, jerry cans and basins among others. CHAU also promotes and support households to put up bath shelters, drying racks, animal pens, proper ventilation, lockable doors and rubbish pits. In addition, CHAU also promotes the drinking of safe boiled water to avoid water borne diseases.